What is Metabolic & Diabetes Surgery?
The video on this page features the fictional sample patient of Sarah. Sarah is a good example of someone having a Mini Gastric Bypass to treat her Type 2 diabetes.
The Mini Gastric Bypass is a minimally invasive Metabolic and diabetes surgery which assists a person with Type 2 diabetes to lose large amounts of the fat build up in the body.
Along with the Mini Gastric Bypass, there is the Sleeve Gastrectomy and the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass. All three procedures are done laparoscopically.
Small incisions are allow surgical instruments and monitoring equipment in the abdominal cavity. In the case of the sleeve gastrectomy, a stapling device reduces the stomach by around 85% allowing food to be digested in the intestine and bowel.
The Mini Gastric Bypass operation also reduces the stomach pouch but the remaining large pouch, will remain alive and in the body to produce digestive juices. The surgeon then measures the length of intestine beyond the duodenum and part of the jejunum to create a bypass directly to the small stomach pouch. This system offers malabsorption of high calorie index foods.
The Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass is similar to the Mini Gastric Bypass in that they both create a small stomach pouch but in the Roux-en-Y it is smaller so as to provide more restriction of food intake. The other difference is that the Roux-en-Y has two anastomosis reconnections rather than one.
Which procedure suits an individual patient depends on many variables and requires a face to face consultation with a surgeon and his team.
After metabolic and diabetes surgery, type 2 diabetics experience less symptoms and are able to self manage the disease with a healthy lifestyle, exercise, checking blood glucose levels every few days and regular checkups with their doctor.
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